Development, maintenance and temporal pattern of self-administration maintained by ecstasy (MDMA) in rats

S Schenk, D Gittings, M Johnstone, E Daniela - Psychopharmacology, 2003 - Springer


Abstract Rationale±3, 4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA;" ecstasy") use is increasing around the globe but there is a paucity of studies examining the abuse liability of this drug. Objectives The ability of drugs to reinforce operant responding in laboratory …

Last updated: Jul 27, 2020